How to recognize diabetes symptoms?
Recognizing the symptoms is important
Several symptoms usually stay unnoticed. Here’s a list of 9 most common symptoms to which you should pay attention to.
How to check whether you have diabetes? The best way is, of course, to visit your GP where you can take a blood sugar test. Otherwise, make sure you pay more attention to the following 9 symptoms:
1. Excessive thirst and frequent urination
Excessive thirst and frequent urination, especially at night, are usually the number 1 signs of diabetes. And what is the reason behind it? Level of glucose (sugar) in your body affects thirst. Kidneys are working fast to produce a liquid that we drink and because of thirst, excessive glucose is excreted from the body.
2. Increased appetite
Even the sudden attack of hunger and increased appetite can be a sign of diabetes. Due to the inefficient functioning of the insulin cells (they do not produce insulin) you will feel a lack of food.
3. Weight Loss
Although the patient is constantly hungry excessive high or low blood sugar levels may lead to rapid weight loss (for example 5 to 10 kg in two or three months). However, this weight loss is not healthy! As insulin becomes ineffective and the body can not convert food into energy, that results in breakdown of muscle to obtain an additional source of energy from protein.
4. Tiredness and constant fatigue
Ineffectiveness of insulin in the conversion of food into energy is one of the reasons for fatigue and somnolence. Fatigue usually develops slowly. Patients then often not capable of serious bodily effort.
5. Blurred vision
Diabetes damages small blood vessels in the back of the eye, they become porous and leak fluid or blood, which affects the patient’s vision is disturbed and less visible – is to develop diabetic retinopathy.
Timely diagnosis could be loss of vision due to retinopathy can be prevented.
6. Slow healing of wounds and scratches, and frequent infections
Infections, scratches, bruises … that heal slowly are another sign of diabetes. The cause for that are the damaged blood vessels to which blood, which is necessary for healing, can not flow properly.
7. Skin Problems
Patients often report dry and itchy skin (the cause probably lies in the poor blood supply) and diabetic dermopathy (light brown spots, especially on the neck, armpits …). Skin complications due to poorly controlled diabetes can also eruptive xanthomatosis, which is reflected by rdečkastorumenkastimi formations, which take the form of peas.
8. Fungal infections
Diabetic patients are more prone to fungal infections because the fungi multiply best in such an environment. Women have frequent vaginal infections.
9. Tingling and numbness
Tingling in the arms and legs, burning pain and swelling are signs that diabetes might have damaged the nerves already. Nerve damage in patients with diabetes is called diabetic neuropathy. It often begins with a tingling sensation or tingling in the fingers of legs, and then this same tingling spreads upwards to the foot, ankle and lower leg. Tingling might be accompanied by joint pain.