Diabetes and body mass index BMI
What is the Body Mass Index?
The Body Mass Index (BMI) is the amount of body fat versus lean muscle mass and is direct weight in relation to height and is thus far more meaningful than the sole judgment of the weight on the basis of a balance. Values between BMI 25 and BMI 30 are referred to as overweight, at a value from 30 obesity. From values of 40 there is a morbid obesity. But is there a relation to diabetes and body mass index?
Finding out proper BMI by using a BMI calculator
It’s true. If you are a man you can calculate your own body mass index (BMI) by using a BMI calculator for men. It’s a simple math equation and therefore result cannot be treated as accurate, but the number calculated is more than enough for most people.
Increased BMI as a risk factor
Persons being overweight or obese are at greater risk for high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol levels, type II diabetes, heart attack, stroke and cancer. In a “domestic” study of approximately 91,000 women and 76,000 men over an average period of eleven years, an increased risk was found in women. Risk for cancer of the uterine body to non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (blood cancer) and breast cancer after menopause was increased. In men, this increased risk of cancer concerned mainly the large intestine, the end arm and the pancreas.
Similar results were presented by scientists in Manchester in February of 2008. An increased by 5 points BMI increased women’s risk of developing cancer of the uterus and gall bladder by 59%, esophagus by 51% and the kidneys by 34%. In men, an increased cancer risk for esophagus by 52%, for the thyroid gland by 33%, for the colon and kidneys to each 24% resulted.
Women of childbearing potential should also keep in mind that an elevated BMI represents an increased risk for the development of gestational diabetes (see Risk Factors).
An analysis of 329,988 single births showed that a high body weight before pregnancy was associated with an increase in pre-eclampsia risk and indication for caesarean section. Moreover, it was in a study that examined pregnancy outcomes of 2060 women with gestational diabetes, demonstrated that being overweight before pregnancy may be regarded as a substantial risk factor for the development of infantile deformities.
In December 2005 the results of a large-scale study of 3022 children and their mothers were published. It was noted before the onset of pregnancy and the proportion of overweight children a clear relationship between increasing maternal weight. The authors therefore recommend women who plan to become pregnant, to pay attention to a “healthy” body weight.
A published early 2003 study evaluated the life expectancy of 3457 people over an observation period of 40 years. The study participants of the so-called “Framingham Study” were at study initiation 30 – 49 years old and had neither underweight nor cardiovascular disease. The results showed clearly that with increasing body mass index increases the mortality probability.
Life expectancy – Years of Life Lost
25 to 29.9 BMI
30 or more
40-year-old women, Non smoking inside
– 3.23 years
– 7.08 years
40-year-old men, Non smoking
– 3.05 years
– 5.82 years
Compared with normal-weight smokers lost 7.2 years and obese smokers, obese smoker 6.7. Compared with normal weight non-smokers, the loss increased in age even to 13.3 years for women and 13.7 years for men.
What is the formula for calculating the BMI?
The Body Mass Index is calculated as the quotient of the body weight in kilograms and height in meters squared.
Body weight (kg) / height2 (in m)
Check your Body Mass Index today!
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