Symptoms are never there without cause
That is right. If you are experiencing any symptoms that you do not know why are there you should ask your doctor about them. Never take your symptoms lightly. Doing so might prevent early diagnosis and might render the treatment less effective.
Be on the lookout for signs
Normal medicine dictates that early detection of illnesses symptoms is crucial in proper diagnosis. As you might imagine, the more time the cure has to work the best are the results. Take for example diabetes symptoms. These might arise quickly, or might not manifest until the disease has already progressed.
If you are experiencing any of the following:
- frequent thirst,
- frequent urination,
- sudden, unexplained weight loss
you should visit your personal doctor immediately. Your blood sugar levels will be tested with proper strip. In case that results will be over the threshold you will be put on additional tests. Successful treatment and prevention of diabetes symptoms is needed.
Three types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
type 1 is caused by destruction of beta cells in the pancreas, which stops secreting the hormone called insulin. Without insulin glucose can not pass from the bloodstream into cells, and the cells are left without the source of energy.
Because the body can not take advantage of glucose, it should draw on their own reserves of fat, leading to weight loss despite an increase in consumption of food (calories). The cells also generates toxic substances (acetone), which may lead to coma or death. Emergency medical treatment is immediate and sustained treatment with insulin. Most patients become ill up to 30 years of age.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form (about 90 percent of all diabetics are in fact type 2 diabetics) and usually occurs in adults (over 45 years of age) because of inadequate lifestyle (often overweight) and genetic changes that affect the altered secretion of insulin.
Actually, the ability of beta cells to produce insulin is hindered, and / or increased resistance to its action in certain tissues (mainly muscles) and excessive production of glucose by the liver is indicated. To find out which blood sugar levels are expected and which may represent problems please refer to blood sugar levels chart.
This form develops slowly and often occurs together with other disorders in the metabolism of fat and elevated arterial pressure. Patients first few years as a rule do not have problems. Only after several years of blood sugar rises so much that it causes thirst, frequent and abundant water drainage and weight loss, which may lead patients to the doctor.
Gestational diabetes (gestational diabetes)
Gestational diabetes is more common in pregnant women who are also overweight and in those that have diabetes running in the family. It is usually temporary and disappears after childbirth, but may affect subsequent pregnancies or might develop as type 2 later in life. If maintaining appropriate body weight, including eating a healthy diet and being regular physical activity your doctor might still put you on insulin, if blood glucose levels are still too high (over the average).
Recognizing the symptoms is important
Several symptoms usually stay unnoticed. Here’s a list of 9 most common symptoms to which you should pay attention to.
How to check whether you have diabetes? The best way is, of course, to visit your GP where you can take a blood sugar test. Otherwise, make sure you pay more attention to the following 9 symptoms:
1. Excessive thirst and frequent urination
Excessive thirst and frequent urination, especially at night, are usually the number 1 signs of diabetes. And what is the reason behind it? Level of glucose (sugar) in your body affects thirst. Kidneys are working fast to produce a liquid that we drink and because of thirst, excessive glucose is excreted from the body.
2. Increased appetite
Even the sudden attack of hunger and increased appetite can be a sign of diabetes. Due to the inefficient functioning of the insulin cells (they do not produce insulin) you will feel a lack of food.
3. Weight Loss
Although the patient is constantly hungry excessive high or low blood sugar levels may lead to rapid weight loss (for example 5 to 10 kg in two or three months). However, this weight loss is not healthy! As insulin becomes ineffective and the body can not convert food into energy, that results in breakdown of muscle to obtain an additional source of energy from protein.
4. Tiredness and constant fatigue
Ineffectiveness of insulin in the conversion of food into energy is one of the reasons for fatigue and somnolence. Fatigue usually develops slowly. Patients then often not capable of serious bodily effort.
5. Blurred vision
Diabetes damages small blood vessels in the back of the eye, they become porous and leak fluid or blood, which affects the patient’s vision is disturbed and less visible – is to develop diabetic retinopathy.
Timely diagnosis could be loss of vision due to retinopathy can be prevented.
6. Slow healing of wounds and scratches, and frequent infections
Infections, scratches, bruises … that heal slowly are another sign of diabetes. The cause for that are the damaged blood vessels to which blood, which is necessary for healing, can not flow properly.
7. Skin Problems
Patients often report dry and itchy skin (the cause probably lies in the poor blood supply) and diabetic dermopathy (light brown spots, especially on the neck, armpits …). Skin complications due to poorly controlled diabetes can also eruptive xanthomatosis, which is reflected by rdečkastorumenkastimi formations, which take the form of peas.
8. Fungal infections
Diabetic patients are more prone to fungal infections because the fungi multiply best in such an environment. Women have frequent vaginal infections.
9. Tingling and numbness
Tingling in the arms and legs, burning pain and swelling are signs that diabetes might have damaged the nerves already. Nerve damage in patients with diabetes is called diabetic neuropathy. It often begins with a tingling sensation or tingling in the fingers of legs, and then this same tingling spreads upwards to the foot, ankle and lower leg. Tingling might be accompanied by joint pain.