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Diabetes and body mass index BMI

What is the Body Mass Index?

The Body Mass Index (BMI) is the amount of body fat versus lean muscle mass and is direct weight in relation to height and is thus far more meaningful than the sole judgment of the weight on the basis of a balance. Values between BMI 25 and BMI 30 are referred to as overweight, at a value from 30 obesity. From values ​​of 40 there is a morbid obesity. But is there a relation to diabetes and body mass index?

Finding out proper BMI by using a BMI calculator

It’s true. If you are a man you can calculate your own body mass index (BMI) by using a BMI calculator for men. It’s a simple math equation and therefore result cannot be treated as accurate, but the number calculated is more than enough for most people.

Increased BMI as a risk factor

Persons being overweight or obese are at greater risk for high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol levels, type II diabetes, heart attack, stroke and cancer. In a “domestic” study of approximately 91,000 women and 76,000 men over an average period of eleven years, an increased risk was found in women. Risk for cancer of the uterine body to non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (blood cancer) and breast cancer after menopause was increased. In men, this increased risk of cancer concerned mainly the large intestine, the end arm and the pancreas.

Similar results were presented by scientists in Manchester in February of 2008. An increased by 5 points BMI increased women’s risk of developing cancer of the uterus and gall bladder by 59%, esophagus by 51% and the kidneys by 34%. In men, an increased cancer risk for esophagus by 52%, for the thyroid gland by 33%, for the colon and kidneys to each 24% resulted.

Women of childbearing potential should also keep in mind that an elevated BMI represents an increased risk for the development of gestational diabetes (see Risk Factors).

An analysis of 329,988 single births showed that a high body weight before pregnancy was associated with an increase in pre-eclampsia risk and indication for caesarean section. Moreover, it was in a study that examined pregnancy outcomes of 2060 women with gestational diabetes, demonstrated that being overweight before pregnancy may be regarded as a substantial risk factor for the development of infantile deformities.

In December 2005 the results of a large-scale study of 3022 children and their mothers were published. It was noted before the onset of pregnancy and the proportion of overweight children a clear relationship between increasing maternal weight. The authors therefore recommend women who plan to become pregnant, to pay attention to a “healthy” body weight.

A published early 2003 study evaluated the life expectancy of 3457 people over an observation period of 40 years. The study participants of the so-called “Framingham Study” were at study initiation 30 – 49 years old and had neither underweight nor cardiovascular disease. The results showed clearly that with increasing body mass index increases the mortality probability.

Life expectancy – Years of Life Lost
BMI
25 to 29.9 BMI
30 or more
40-year-old women, Non smoking inside

– 3.23 years
– 7.08 years
40-year-old men, Non smoking

– 3.05 years
– 5.82 years

Compared with normal-weight smokers lost 7.2 years and obese smokers, obese smoker 6.7. Compared with normal weight non-smokers, the loss increased in age even to 13.3 years for women and 13.7 years for men.

What is the formula for calculating the BMI?

The Body Mass Index is calculated as the quotient of the body weight in kilograms and height in meters squared.

Body weight (kg) / height2 (in m)

Check your Body Mass Index today!

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Never take your symptoms too lightly

Symptoms are never there without cause

That is right. If you are experiencing any symptoms that you do not know why are there you should ask your doctor about them. Never take your symptoms lightly. Doing so might prevent early diagnosis and might render the treatment less effective.

Be on the lookout for signs

Normal medicine dictates that early detection of illnesses symptoms is crucial in proper diagnosis. As you might imagine, the more time the cure has to work the best are the results. Take for example diabetes symptoms. These might arise quickly, or might not manifest until the disease has already progressed.
If you are experiencing any of the following:

  • frequent thirst,
  • frequent urination,
  • sudden, unexplained weight loss
  • you should visit your personal doctor immediately. Your blood sugar levels will be tested with proper strip. In case that results will be over the threshold you will be put on additional tests. Successful treatment and prevention of diabetes symptoms is needed.

    Three types of diabetes

    Type 1 diabetes

    type 1 is caused by destruction of beta cells in the pancreas, which stops secreting the hormone called insulin. Without insulin glucose can not pass from the bloodstream into cells, and the cells are left without the source of energy.

    symptoms and indications

    Because the body can not take advantage of glucose, it should draw on their own reserves of fat, leading to weight loss despite an increase in consumption of food (calories). The cells also generates toxic substances (acetone), which may lead to coma or death. Emergency medical treatment is immediate and sustained treatment with insulin. Most patients become ill up to 30 years of age.

    Type 2 diabetes

    Type 2 diabetes is the most common form (about 90 percent of all diabetics are in fact type 2 diabetics) and usually occurs in adults (over 45 years of age) because of inadequate lifestyle (often overweight) and genetic changes that affect the altered secretion of insulin.

    Actually, the ability of beta cells to produce insulin is hindered, and / or increased resistance to its action in certain tissues (mainly muscles) and excessive production of glucose by the liver is indicated. To find out which blood sugar levels are expected and which may represent problems please refer to blood sugar levels chart.

    This form develops slowly and often occurs together with other disorders in the metabolism of fat and elevated arterial pressure. Patients first few years as a rule do not have problems. Only after several years of blood sugar rises so much that it causes thirst, frequent and abundant water drainage and weight loss, which may lead patients to the doctor.

    Gestational diabetes (gestational diabetes)

    Gestational diabetes is more common in pregnant women who are also overweight and in those that have diabetes running in the family. It is usually temporary and disappears after childbirth, but may affect subsequent pregnancies or might develop as type 2 later in life. If maintaining appropriate body weight, including eating a healthy diet and being regular physical activity your doctor might still put you on insulin, if blood glucose levels are still too high (over the average).

How to recognize diabetes symptoms?

Recognizing the symptoms is important

Several symptoms usually stay unnoticed. Here’s a list of 9 most common symptoms to which you should pay attention to.

How to check whether you have diabetes? The best way is, of course, to visit your GP where you can take a blood sugar test. Otherwise, make sure you pay more attention to the following 9 symptoms:

1. Excessive thirst and frequent urination

Excessive thirst and frequent urination, especially at night, are usually the number 1 signs of diabetes. And what is the reason behind it? Level of glucose (sugar) in your body affects thirst. Kidneys are working fast to produce a liquid that we drink and because of thirst, excessive glucose is excreted from the body.

2. Increased appetite

Even the sudden attack of hunger and increased appetite can be a sign of diabetes. Due to the inefficient functioning of the insulin cells (they do not produce insulin) you will feel a lack of food.

3. Weight Loss

Although the patient is constantly hungry excessive high or low blood sugar levels may lead to rapid weight loss (for example 5 to 10 kg in two or three months). However, this weight loss is not healthy! As insulin becomes ineffective and the body can not convert food into energy, that results in breakdown of muscle to obtain an additional source of energy from protein.

4. Tiredness and constant fatigue

Ineffectiveness of insulin in the conversion of food into energy is one of the reasons for fatigue and somnolence. Fatigue usually develops slowly. Patients then often not capable of serious bodily effort.

5. Blurred vision

Diabetes damages small blood vessels in the back of the eye, they become porous and leak fluid or blood, which affects the patient’s vision is disturbed and less visible – is to develop diabetic retinopathy.

Timely diagnosis could be loss of vision due to retinopathy can be prevented.

6. Slow healing of wounds and scratches, and frequent infections

Infections, scratches, bruises … that heal slowly are another sign of diabetes. The cause for that are the damaged blood vessels to which blood, which is necessary for healing, can not flow properly.

7. Skin Problems

Patients often report dry and itchy skin (the cause probably lies in the poor blood supply) and diabetic dermopathy (light brown spots, especially on the neck, armpits …). Skin complications due to poorly controlled diabetes can also eruptive xanthomatosis, which is reflected by rdečkastorumenkastimi formations, which take the form of peas.

8. Fungal infections

Diabetic patients are more prone to fungal infections because the fungi multiply best in such an environment. Women have frequent vaginal infections.

9. Tingling and numbness

Tingling in the arms and legs, burning pain and swelling are signs that diabetes might have damaged the nerves already. Nerve damage in patients with diabetes is called diabetic neuropathy. It often begins with a tingling sensation or tingling in the fingers of legs, and then this same tingling spreads upwards to the foot, ankle and lower leg. Tingling might be accompanied by joint pain.