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Diabetes and body mass index BMI

What is the Body Mass Index?

The Body Mass Index (BMI) is the amount of body fat versus lean muscle mass and is direct weight in relation to height and is thus far more meaningful than the sole judgment of the weight on the basis of a balance. Values between BMI 25 and BMI 30 are referred to as overweight, at a value from 30 obesity. From values ​​of 40 there is a morbid obesity. But is there a relation to diabetes and body mass index?

Finding out proper BMI by using a BMI calculator

It’s true. If you are a man you can calculate your own body mass index (BMI) by using a BMI calculator for men. It’s a simple math equation and therefore result cannot be treated as accurate, but the number calculated is more than enough for most people.

Increased BMI as a risk factor

Persons being overweight or obese are at greater risk for high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol levels, type II diabetes, heart attack, stroke and cancer. In a “domestic” study of approximately 91,000 women and 76,000 men over an average period of eleven years, an increased risk was found in women. Risk for cancer of the uterine body to non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (blood cancer) and breast cancer after menopause was increased. In men, this increased risk of cancer concerned mainly the large intestine, the end arm and the pancreas.

Similar results were presented by scientists in Manchester in February of 2008. An increased by 5 points BMI increased women’s risk of developing cancer of the uterus and gall bladder by 59%, esophagus by 51% and the kidneys by 34%. In men, an increased cancer risk for esophagus by 52%, for the thyroid gland by 33%, for the colon and kidneys to each 24% resulted.

Women of childbearing potential should also keep in mind that an elevated BMI represents an increased risk for the development of gestational diabetes (see Risk Factors).

An analysis of 329,988 single births showed that a high body weight before pregnancy was associated with an increase in pre-eclampsia risk and indication for caesarean section. Moreover, it was in a study that examined pregnancy outcomes of 2060 women with gestational diabetes, demonstrated that being overweight before pregnancy may be regarded as a substantial risk factor for the development of infantile deformities.

In December 2005 the results of a large-scale study of 3022 children and their mothers were published. It was noted before the onset of pregnancy and the proportion of overweight children a clear relationship between increasing maternal weight. The authors therefore recommend women who plan to become pregnant, to pay attention to a “healthy” body weight.

A published early 2003 study evaluated the life expectancy of 3457 people over an observation period of 40 years. The study participants of the so-called “Framingham Study” were at study initiation 30 – 49 years old and had neither underweight nor cardiovascular disease. The results showed clearly that with increasing body mass index increases the mortality probability.

Life expectancy – Years of Life Lost
25 to 29.9 BMI
30 or more
40-year-old women, Non smoking inside

– 3.23 years
– 7.08 years
40-year-old men, Non smoking

– 3.05 years
– 5.82 years

Compared with normal-weight smokers lost 7.2 years and obese smokers, obese smoker 6.7. Compared with normal weight non-smokers, the loss increased in age even to 13.3 years for women and 13.7 years for men.

What is the formula for calculating the BMI?

The Body Mass Index is calculated as the quotient of the body weight in kilograms and height in meters squared.

Body weight (kg) / height2 (in m)

Check your Body Mass Index today!

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CU Boulder Students Create Award-Winning Non-Profit Giving Program

Today we wanted to share a positive story about a student team from the Net Impact Chapter at CU Boulder who have demonstrated how having a focused, well-established goal can bring about big results for a good cause.

The CU Boulder team won the 2nd annual Liquidnet Markets for Good Challenge with an insightful project that allows donors wishing to give to nonprofits with a real-time view of human needs and highlights the organizations doing the most to meet these needs.

The team won $7,500 for their efforts, reported, and an additional $2,500 that will go to Nyaya Health, a nonprofit that operates a hospital and mobile medical care services in Nepal, as per the students’ choice.

“A thriving society requires a thriving social sector, and a thriving social sector depends on enough money going to truly high-performing nonprofits tackling the really tough challenges,” said Brian Walsh, who oversees Liquidnet For Good, the company’s corporate social engagement program. “By encouraging some of the best business school minds to help us identify innovative solutions to drive more money to more effective nonprofits, we hope that we can inspire broader impact.”

We would love to see this kind of initiative and have a similar impact on the diabetes industry. One thing that our various reports have made clear is that an alternative perspective can help maximize the efficiency and success of the diabetes non-profits – they are doing a great job of bringing the community together and funding many projects, but can do even more towards a cure if they set a defined goal and timeline.

As the Liquidnet story highlights, staying well informed and knowing which organizations to donate to is also a crucial aspect when it comes to speeding up the process for finding a diabetes cure. The JDCA’s publications are an excellent resource that highlight where and how the major non-profits are spending donor money and gives donors the power to make their intentions heard.

Reversal of Diabetes is Possible without Insulin Intake

Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, illustrates a collection of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar). The cause is either because insulin production is not enough to counteract glucose in the blood, or that the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will characteristically experience polyuria (frequent urination) and become progressively more thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).

Can Diabetes be Cured?

When it comes to diabetes, there has been one topic that has been getting a lot of notice lately and that is diabetes reversal. Now, although there is no identified cure for the disease but there are still many out there who think that through diet and suitable exercise, one can, in spirit, reverse the disease.

Because this process doesn’t rely on drugs or prescriptions for its accomplishment, there are still a lot out there, mostly pharmaceutical corporations, that think that the only way to successfully supervise this disease is with the help of insulin. About 80% of universities believe that the disease diabetes can be cured only by the use of insulin. The remaining, which is only about 20% of universities, even talk about how nutrition plays a part in the development of diseases. An amazing but little known fact is that many people who have suffered for years are beginning to cure themselves with no medication. Although it cannot be cured immediately, it is a confirmed technique and I will show you numerous ways in which one can reverse his or her diabetes.

The Following are the Ways in which You Can Cure Your Diabetes.

Get to know the most amazing thing about the body. In most cases, the body can heal itself. Diabetes reversal is founded on the notion that if an individual is capable of changing his lifestyle into healthier one, which includes an appropriate diet and exercise, diabetes can be reversed. With these changes then if one can have diabetes earlier, then one will be able to remove himself off insulin and in due course, beat this disease. Measurement of blood sugar levels becomes very important. Refer to blood sugar chart for more information.

First of all, individual needs to consume a lot of water daily. Water is the body’s main chemical component that makes up about 60 percent of our body weight. Every system in the body depends on water. So drink as much water as one can drink.

The next thing to do is the changing of diet and it should be done with immediate effect. Do not intake, or at least considerably reduce, anything that has sugars and carbohydrates.

Consume a lot of high protein food like meats, dairy, nuts, seafood, etc. High protein food repairs cells that are destroyed by diabetes.

People must exercise regularly if one has diabetes and this will help to create healthier cells that are not prone to diabetes.

Another crucial factor in diabetes reversal is the presence of vegetables in life. Vegetables are not only low in carbohydrates and high in fiber but they also contain a large amount minerals and vitamins that are necessary to the formation of hale and hearty cells.

As already mentioned early, this disease can’t be cured in a day but if the instructions are followed in a regular manner, then amazing results will occur.

Blood sugar chart and glycemic index chart

Type 1 and 2 diabetes

Patients who have been diagnosed with diabetes have to live with the fact that they have to live with the illness all of their lives. This could be really tragic but life must go on and there are now many methods of managing the illness. Aside from proper medication and diet management, it is important for patients to be educated of the probable complications that the illness could bring. This knowledge is indispensable since it would eventually spell the difference between life and death much later on. Some typical symptoms of diabetes would be thirst, frequent urination and unexplainable weight loss.

high blood sugar levels chart
Testing Blood Sugar at home

Image keywords: blood sugar levels chart, blood sugar chart, blood sugar levels, normal blood sugar levels chart, blood sugar chart for men and women

Blood sugar levels chart

The most common condition that is associated with diabetes is hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is a syndrome that results from having low blood sugar levels. Diabetics are highly likely to have hypoglycemic episodes especially when they have a need to fast for tests. This ultimately results in the need of measuring blood sugar levels. To perform just that one needs to consult a blood sugar levels chart prior to doing the tests. Blood sugar chart cannot be 100% accurate for everyone as it is based on several tests which cannot be performed on everyone. So if you are thinking of using a blood sugar chart to perform tests you need to take this into account.

Hypoglycemia could also occur among diabetics which means that patients should not only observe high glucose levels but also the dropping of those levels. It is, therefore, important to have meal planning and for those who already know how to use it—to have a Glycemic Index.

The Glycemic Index (GI) will help diabetic patients in controlling their blood sugar levels, appetite, cholesterol levels; it could also help in lowering the risks of type 2 diabetes. By definition, GI is a scale that has rankings for foods that are rich in carbohydrates and compare them against white bread or glucose in raising blood glucose levels. During carbohydrate intake, the food is broken down and sugars are digested to, eventually, produce energy. After eating, the blood sugar level often rises (glycemic response). In such cases consulting a blood sugar levels chart is a good thing as you can plan your levels ahead. Blood sugar chart is usually very easy to read and requires no special knowledge to translate the results.

Meal planning

Meal planning can definitely work with the Glycemic Index. The GI ranks foods that have carbohydrates according to these foods’ glycemic response. Those that raise the blood glucose levels immediately get a higher ranking, meaning, those that have low GI ranking are best taken by a diabetic.

It is very important to carefully choose food and to maintain a balanced diet when you are a diabetic. The overall nutritive value of the food should be constantly considered before a meal is planned. Foods that are rich in carbs should not be totally taken off the patient’s diet only because of a high GI ranking. It is important to ask for the guidance of a physician to effectively maximize the use of the GI with the use of a blood sugar levels chart. Never ever use an unofficial blood sugar levels chart – always get your personal doctor to confirm it. This is for your safety.

Glycemic Index Chart

Low Glycemic Index Foods
Here are some of the foods that are good for diabetics because of their low GI ranking: skimmed milk, soy beverages, plain yogurt, apples, plum, oranges, sweet potato, parboiled rice, oat bran bread, pasta (al dente is recommended), lentils, baked beans, chick peas, and Pumpernickel bread. These foods will not impact your blood sugar levels severely.

Moderate Glycemic Index Foods
The foods that have moderate ranking on the Glycemic Index are: bananas, pineapples, new potatoes, raisins, oatmeal, popcorn, green pea soup, split pea, brown rice, couscous, shredded wheat cereal, Basmati rice, rye bread, and whole wheat bread. These foods will influence your blood sugar levels moderately.

High Glycemic Index Foods
The foods that should be taken in moderate amounts because of their high GI rankings are: watermelon, instant mashed potatoes, dried dates, parsnips, Rutabaga, instant rice, corn flakes, rice crispies, Cheerios, bagels, soda crackers, jellybeans, and French fries. These foods will influence your blood sugar levels the most.

Being a diabetic is all about eating in moderation, careful meal planning, proper exercise (one that was prescribed by a doctor), and administration of medicines. Conditions such as having high blood glucose level and hypoglycemia could be avoided if these factors are to be religiously followed.

Additional keywords: blood sugar, blood sugar levels chart, blood sugar chart.

Natural Treatment for Insulin Resistance

People who are diagnosed with diabetes need to face the fact that their entire life would be divided between living meaningfully and managing the illness. There are now many methods in treating diabetes (aside from the most common methods such as dialysis, medical treatments, or physician-planned diets). Perhaps, the most revolutionary method (though not exactly new) is the use of natural treatments. The use of natural treatments is now just being rediscovered.

Naturopathy is the use of natural methods to treat any ailments. The most common ‘natural remedies’ for illnesses (including diabetes) include the elements of air, water, light, heat, exercise, and proper diet. Hippocrates, then, was not wrong when he stated that ‘nature cures but not the physicians’.

Naturopathy goes back thousands of years ago and has been proven to heal without any side effects. For naturopathy to be effective, the patient has to undergo a complete makeover on his lifestyle and his eating patterns. For instance, he has to let go of toxic substances that he usually ingests such as coffee (and the caffeine that goes with it), fast foods, and junk foods. Also, the new menu should go hand in hand with a good exercise that has been prescribed by the patient’s physician.

Natural treatments
Natural treatment is all about focusing on the patient’s desire to overcome the illness (well, if not to totally overcome in the case of diabetics, at least to have a control over the illness). Reorganizing the eating habits of the patient is just one of the many forms of natural treatments. There are also other forms of treatment such as hydrotherapy, mud therapy, detoxification, herbal medicines, and massages. Natural treatments usually do not alleviate diabetes symptoms.

Diabetes patients who undergo hydrotherapy have reported many improvements on their condition. Most of them agree that they sleep better and their blood glucose levels are managed. This treatment, also called as hot tub therapy is done in water tanks where the patient is partially submerged. It is often the extremities that are given the treatment.

The earth is often thought as the provider of grains and all other foods that are necessary for human sustenance. It is this exact same power that is being utilized on mud or clay packs and is being used by diabetics as a treatment method. It is believed that these mud packs (more so on mud baths) can remove toxins from the body aside from activating major organs of the body. Also, mud is said to cool down the nervous system which is also highly beneficial.

Mud and clay packs
Mud or clay packs are often plastered on the affected areas and for mud baths, well, the patient has to be submerged in mud for a few minutes (30 minutes should suffice). The notion on using volcanic regions was conceptualized because of the need for mud therapy. The only preparation that has to be made is to make sure that the earth or mud that is going to be used is free from infection which could aggravate and not help the condition of the patients.

Massage targets the nervous, musculoskeletal, circulatory and lymphatic systems of the body. This only spells one thing—complete well-being. Massage has been a known treatment for diabetics over the centuries and many civilizations have benefited from the use of this method of treatment. If massage is properly applied on the human body, it stimulates and promotes good health. Nowadays, there are so many massage clinics so it is easy for patients to get a hold of this type of treatment.

Herbal medicines
Herbal medicines are common among the Asian civilization. The Chinese and Japanese have always depended on herbs to cure their illnesses and this should not be any different today. Looking at these alternative treatments, diabetics now have better chances of combating the illness at a non-risky way—and that is really, really good news.

Never take your symptoms too lightly

Symptoms are never there without cause

That is right. If you are experiencing any symptoms that you do not know why are there you should ask your doctor about them. Never take your symptoms lightly. Doing so might prevent early diagnosis and might render the treatment less effective.

Be on the lookout for signs

Normal medicine dictates that early detection of illnesses symptoms is crucial in proper diagnosis. As you might imagine, the more time the cure has to work the best are the results. Take for example diabetes symptoms. These might arise quickly, or might not manifest until the disease has already progressed.
If you are experiencing any of the following:

  • frequent thirst,
  • frequent urination,
  • sudden, unexplained weight loss
  • you should visit your personal doctor immediately. Your blood sugar levels will be tested with proper strip. In case that results will be over the threshold you will be put on additional tests. Successful treatment and prevention of diabetes symptoms is needed.

    Three types of diabetes

    Type 1 diabetes

    type 1 is caused by destruction of beta cells in the pancreas, which stops secreting the hormone called insulin. Without insulin glucose can not pass from the bloodstream into cells, and the cells are left without the source of energy.

    symptoms and indications

    Because the body can not take advantage of glucose, it should draw on their own reserves of fat, leading to weight loss despite an increase in consumption of food (calories). The cells also generates toxic substances (acetone), which may lead to coma or death. Emergency medical treatment is immediate and sustained treatment with insulin. Most patients become ill up to 30 years of age.

    Type 2 diabetes

    Type 2 diabetes is the most common form (about 90 percent of all diabetics are in fact type 2 diabetics) and usually occurs in adults (over 45 years of age) because of inadequate lifestyle (often overweight) and genetic changes that affect the altered secretion of insulin.

    Actually, the ability of beta cells to produce insulin is hindered, and / or increased resistance to its action in certain tissues (mainly muscles) and excessive production of glucose by the liver is indicated. To find out which blood sugar levels are expected and which may represent problems please refer to blood sugar levels chart.

    This form develops slowly and often occurs together with other disorders in the metabolism of fat and elevated arterial pressure. Patients first few years as a rule do not have problems. Only after several years of blood sugar rises so much that it causes thirst, frequent and abundant water drainage and weight loss, which may lead patients to the doctor.

    Gestational diabetes (gestational diabetes)

    Gestational diabetes is more common in pregnant women who are also overweight and in those that have diabetes running in the family. It is usually temporary and disappears after childbirth, but may affect subsequent pregnancies or might develop as type 2 later in life. If maintaining appropriate body weight, including eating a healthy diet and being regular physical activity your doctor might still put you on insulin, if blood glucose levels are still too high (over the average).

How to recognize diabetes symptoms?

Recognizing the symptoms is important

Several symptoms usually stay unnoticed. Here’s a list of 9 most common symptoms to which you should pay attention to.

How to check whether you have diabetes? The best way is, of course, to visit your GP where you can take a blood sugar test. Otherwise, make sure you pay more attention to the following 9 symptoms:

1. Excessive thirst and frequent urination

Excessive thirst and frequent urination, especially at night, are usually the number 1 signs of diabetes. And what is the reason behind it? Level of glucose (sugar) in your body affects thirst. Kidneys are working fast to produce a liquid that we drink and because of thirst, excessive glucose is excreted from the body.

2. Increased appetite

Even the sudden attack of hunger and increased appetite can be a sign of diabetes. Due to the inefficient functioning of the insulin cells (they do not produce insulin) you will feel a lack of food.

3. Weight Loss

Although the patient is constantly hungry excessive high or low blood sugar levels may lead to rapid weight loss (for example 5 to 10 kg in two or three months). However, this weight loss is not healthy! As insulin becomes ineffective and the body can not convert food into energy, that results in breakdown of muscle to obtain an additional source of energy from protein.

4. Tiredness and constant fatigue

Ineffectiveness of insulin in the conversion of food into energy is one of the reasons for fatigue and somnolence. Fatigue usually develops slowly. Patients then often not capable of serious bodily effort.

5. Blurred vision

Diabetes damages small blood vessels in the back of the eye, they become porous and leak fluid or blood, which affects the patient’s vision is disturbed and less visible – is to develop diabetic retinopathy.

Timely diagnosis could be loss of vision due to retinopathy can be prevented.

6. Slow healing of wounds and scratches, and frequent infections

Infections, scratches, bruises … that heal slowly are another sign of diabetes. The cause for that are the damaged blood vessels to which blood, which is necessary for healing, can not flow properly.

7. Skin Problems

Patients often report dry and itchy skin (the cause probably lies in the poor blood supply) and diabetic dermopathy (light brown spots, especially on the neck, armpits …). Skin complications due to poorly controlled diabetes can also eruptive xanthomatosis, which is reflected by rdečkastorumenkastimi formations, which take the form of peas.

8. Fungal infections

Diabetic patients are more prone to fungal infections because the fungi multiply best in such an environment. Women have frequent vaginal infections.

9. Tingling and numbness

Tingling in the arms and legs, burning pain and swelling are signs that diabetes might have damaged the nerves already. Nerve damage in patients with diabetes is called diabetic neuropathy. It often begins with a tingling sensation or tingling in the fingers of legs, and then this same tingling spreads upwards to the foot, ankle and lower leg. Tingling might be accompanied by joint pain.